Trammell's Health & Fitness Tips - Health, Fitness, Nutrition & Training Tips to Keep you Healthy and Motivated
Acute muscle soreness occurs during and immediately after exercise and is due to the accumilation of lactate, decreased oxygen, and tissue swelling within the muscle.
Delayed onset muscle soreness, as DOMS, occurs 24 - 48 hours hours after exercise. Theories that explain DOMS include damage to the muscle fibers, inflammation with accompanying increased white blood cell count and the stimulation of nerve endings as a result of tissue repair activity.
DOMS appears to be even more likely after eccentric exercise, where large forces are distributed over relatively small cross sectional areas of muscle. Training methods that focus on eccentric muscle actions should be avoided in the intial stages of training, especially with inactive populations.
DOMS may be perceived as unpleasant and contribute to non compliance.
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